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幻想郷(げんそうきょう)は、すべての東方Projectシリーズにおいて舞台となる土地です。民族的表現や文化、環境などは日本とよく似ています。

『幻想郷』とは、昔の日本の幽霊妖怪が出る荒涼とした地域の名前でした。その地域で生きていた妖怪は人間達を襲うので、普通の一般人は近寄らない地域でしたが、一部の勇敢な英雄的人間が妖怪を退治するようになり、一部の人間はその地に住むようになりました。

やがて時は経ち、西暦1884年(明治)になると、日本は近代化の道を歩むことになり、妖怪や幽霊といった非科学的なものは「迷信」として忘れ去られていき、忘れ去られた妖怪は一部の人間と共に博麗大結界の中で生きていくことになりました。

地理編集

幻想郷は、博麗大結界により囲まれている地域のことで、資料がないためはっきりしたことはわかっていませんが、少なくとも直径数十キロメートルの結界により囲まれた陸地だと考えられています。

作品で明らかになっている地名はカッパや天狗・守矢神社がある「妖怪の山」、「魔法の森」、「紅魔館」、人間の住む「人間の里」、幻想郷とあの世の境目にある「三途の川」などが確認されています。

Although passing through the Hakurei Border to the outside world is virtually impossible for anyone besides Yukari Yakumo, it is significantly easier for Gensokyo denizens to access domains of gods, demons, and dead souls which are not strictly part of Gensokyo itself. These include Higan, the Netherworld, Makai, the Celestial realm seen in Scarlet Weather Rhapsody, and the underground abandoned Hell where Subterranean Animism is set.

Cage in Lunatic Runagate Chapter 4 reveals that the Youkai Mountain preserves the original appearance of Mount Yatsugatake before Sakuya-hime, the goddess of Mount Fuji, tore it down out of jealousy. In the outside world today, the remnants of the mountain can be seen as the Yatsugatake mountain range in Yatsugatake-Chūshin Kōgen Quasi-National Park between Nagano and Yamanashi Prefectures, providing an indication of where Gensokyo would be located in Japan. Lake Suwa (諏訪湖, Suwa-ko), which Suwako Moriya was named after, is located nearby.

スケジュール編集

幻想郷の暦はそれに結界が張られた1884年から始まっており、月に基づいています。また、暦の動きのため、私たちのものよりおよそ2か月早く動いています。

月の呼び名編集

幻想郷は旧暦(太陰暦)から取った伝統的な月の呼び名を使用しています。 In outside Japan、それらはグレゴリオ暦との整合性に基づき、単純に番号付けられた月の呼び名(一月、二月など)に代わられていますが, いまだ詩や歴史番組の間ではありふれています。 For flavor, they have been literally translated in the Bohemian Archive articles.

  • 4月- 卯月 uzuki, Deutzia Month
  • 5月- 皐月 satsuki, Planting Month
  • 6月- 水無月 minazuki, Month Of Water (Note: 「無」という感じはたいてい「ない」という意味を示しますが、ここでは「~の」という意味の古風な使われ方をしています。)
  • 7月- 文月 (ふづき), Book Month
  • 8月- 葉月 (はづき), Leaf Month
  • 9月- 長月 (ながつき), Long-lasting Month
  • 10月- 神無月 (かんなづき), Godless Month
  • 11月- 霜月 (しもつき), Frost Month
  • 12月- 師走 (しわす), Priest-running Month
  • 1月- 睦月 (むつき), Affection Month
  • 2月- 如月または衣更着 (きさらぎ), More Clothes Month
  • 3月- 弥生 yayoi, Sprouting Month

幻想郷の新年は4月から始まります。

歴史編集

遥か昔- 月文明が誕生
中国の伝説- Chang'e/Jouga drinks the elixir of immortality and flies to the moon
古事記- 因幡の白兎がワニに攻撃され、by crocodiles it tricks and is saved by Lord Daikoku (~3000 years ago)
Japanese legend (BCE 300 or earlier) - the Great Suwa War
hard to date due to the difficulty of determining the start of the Japanese Iron Age
Before Taketori Monogatari - birth of Fujiwara no Mokou (to Fujiwara no Fuhito?)
672-707 A.D. - Taketori Monogatari, beginning of Imperishable Night backstory
Kaguya and Eirin flee from the moon and establish Eientei
Fujiwara no Fuhito, on whom Prince Kuramochi was modeled, lived from 659~720
712 A.D. - Hieda no Are compiles the Kojiki
e
~1200 years ago (~800 AD?) - Hieda no Aichi, first child of Miare, begins the Gensokyo Chronicles
Compilation began around Aichi's 18th birthday
a bit over ~1000 years ago - Yuyuko's father passes away beneath the Saigyou Ayakashi
the historical figure Saigyou lived from 1118 to 3/23/1190 (2/16 old calendar), and entered the priesthood in 1140
~1000 years ago - Yuyuko dies, Saigyou Ayakashi sealed, Yuyuko given reign over Hakugyokurou
"over 1000 years ago" - War for the Moon's Surface
almost 1000 years ago - Aya Shameimaru settles in Gensokyo
several hundred years after Taketori Monogatari - Tewi comes to Eientei
1430-1476 A.D. - Vlad "Dracula" Tepes' reign
"over 500 years ago" - Youkai Expansion Project
~1503 A.D.- Remilia Scarlet's birth
~1508 A.D. - Flandre Scarlet's birth
~300 years ago - Youki Konpaku becomes Hakugyokurou's gardener
~100 years ago - period of the 8th Child of Miare, Hieda no Aya
During this time, humans begin becoming powerful enough to seriously challenge youkai
Akyuu was the first Child of Miare after the border's creation, so Aya probably died before 1885
1872-1885 A.D. - first official circulation of Japanese paper money (predates Hakurei Border)
0 (~1885 A.D.) - creation of the Great Hakurei Border
last time dragons were seen in Gensokyo (Perfect Memento: Dragons)
travel between Gensokyo and the human world becomes difficult
60-year cycle year
60 (1945 A.D.) - 60-year cycle year / conclusion of World War II
the first time the Great Hakurei Border weakens
84 (1969 A.D., 20 July) - first Lunar expedition, Neil Armstrong plants a flag on the moon
84-?? - Lunar War
Lunar capsules Apollo 11 through Apollo 17 land from 1969 to 1972
Apollo 13 is damaged en route to the moon in 1970; only the Lunarians know the real cause
~35 years ago - Reisen arrives in Gensokyo
night of a full moon
after the Lunar War began, before the 100th year of Gensokyo, about 30 years ago in Bougetsusho
90-100 (1976-1986 A.D.) - Ghost Immigration Plan (Perfect Memento: Yuyuko Saigyouji)
~110 - Kourindou established
~113 - Youki Konpaku retires, Youmu becomes the new gardener
7/109 - (Bunbunmaru Newspaper) "Presenting the Ninth Are Maiden"
before 1998 A.D. - Vampire Incident (Perfect Memento: Reimu Hakurei)
Scarlet Devil Mansion appears in Gensokyo under auspices other than Remilia's
Akyuu believes Remilia came to Gensokyo after this incident

Previous works編集

Highly Responsive to Prayers to Mystic Square

Present series編集

7/1/113 - (Bunbunmaru Newspaper) "Sudden Location Change for Poltergeists' Live"
10/1/114 - (Bunbunmaru Newspaper) "Is the Middle Prismriver Daughter Going Solo?"
5/4/115 - (Bunbunmaru Newspaper) "In Search of a New Sound"
8/4/115 - (Bunbunmaru Newspaper) "Mysterious Luxury Goods arrive in Kourindou"
8/2/116 - (Bunbunmaru Newspaper) "Demon Lurks in Darkness, in Broad Daylight"
9/2/117 - (Bunbunmaru Newspaper) "The Mysterious Truth about the Secret History Association"

Year 118 (2003)編集

Summer編集

7/15/118 - Embodiment of Scarlet Devil
8/4/118 - (Bunbunmaru Newspaper) "Succeeded in Taking a Picture of Crime Scene of Midsummer's Continual Sneak Thief"

Autumn編集

9/5/118 - (Bunbunmaru Newspaper) "The Crimson Rainbow and Angel's Wings That Straddle The Earth"

Winter編集

Winter - Curiosities of Lotus Asia old chapters 1-3
3/21/118 - Perfect Cherry Blossom

Year 119 (2004)編集

Spring編集

4/1/119 - Perfect Cherry Blossom Extra/Phantasm Stage
5/1/119 - (Bunbunmaru Newspaper) "In the Prolonged Winter, Ceremony to Ask for Spring"
5/3/119 - (Bunbunmaru Newspaper) "Mysterious Flower Petals Beneath the Cherry Trees"
5/3/119 - (Bunbunmaru Newspaper) "First Radio Broadcast in Gensokyo a Failure"
5/3/119 - (Bunbunmaru Newspaper) "Fairy Mischief? Invisible Rainstorm is Heavy"

Summer編集

6/3/119 - (Bunbunmaru Newspaper) "Large Number of Straw Effigies Found In Forest Behind Shrine"
Rainy season - Curiosities of Lotus Asia old chapter 4
7/-/119 - Immaterial and Missing Power
7/4/119 - (Bunbunmaru Newspaper) "Out of Season, the Great Setsubun Festival at the Scarlet Devil Manor"
Summer - Curiosities of Lotus Asia old chapter 5
7/15/119 - Imperishable Night
8/3/119 - (Bunbunmaru Newspaper) "Strange Treasure Hunter Lopes Around the Night"
8/3/119 - (Bunbunmaru Newspaper) "Youkai Practices Animal Abuse"
8/4/119 - (Bunbunmaru Newspaper) "Mysterious Fire in the Bamboo Forest"
8/5/119 - (Bunbunmaru Newspaper) "Ghost Procession on a Midsummer Afternoon"
8/15/119 - Imperishable Night Extra Stage

Autumn編集

9/2/119 - (Bunbunmaru Newspaper) "The New Insects' News Service"
9/4/119 - (Bunbunmaru Newspaper) "Mysterious Patterns in Flower Field"
Autumn - Curiosities of Lotus Asia chapter 1 "Unrelated Mound of Higan Flowers"
10/2/119 - (Bunbunmaru Newspaper) "The Field Where the Cats Gather"

Winter

12/1/119 - (Bunbunmaru Newspaper) "In Modern Gensokyo, a New Dream Medicine"
Winter - Curiosities of Lotus Asia chapter 2 "Purple-transcending Light"
Winter - Curiosities of Lotus Asia doujinshi version
Winter - Curiosities of Lotus Asia chapter 3 "Imprisoned Light, Window of Snow"
1/4/119 - (Bunbunmaru Newspaper) "Daring Monetary Offering Fraud"

Year 120 (2005)編集

60-year cycle year.

Spring編集

3/4/120 - (Bunbunmaru Newspaper) "Enormous Shooting Star Explodes in Mid-air"
Spring - Curiosities of Lotus Asia chapter 4 "Colorless Sakura""
Spring - Eastern and Little Nature Deity chapter 0
Spring - Phantasmagoria of Flower View
4/1/120 - (Bunbunmaru Newspaper) "Flower Viewing Continues at the Shrine"
4/1/120 - (Bunbunmaru Newspaper) "Patchouli's Pressed Flower Exhibition Opening Soon"
5/1/120 - (Bunbunmaru Newspaper) "Formula Discovered for Calculating Width of the Stygian River"

Summer編集

6/1/120 - (Bunbunmaru Newspaper) "Ice Fairy Eaten by Giant Toad"
Rainy season - Eastern and Little Nature Deity chapter 1
8/3/120 - (Bunbunmaru Newspaper) "The Strange Reverse Rainbow in the Summer Noon"
Summer - Bohemian Archive in Japanese Red "Wind's Extra"
Summer - Curiosities of Lotus Asia chapter 5 "A Nameless Stone"

Autumn編集

10/13/120 - (Bunbunmaru Newspaper) "Night Sparrow's New Promising Enterprise"
11/1/120 - (Bunbunmaru Newspaper) "Moon Capital Exhibition Now In Progress at Eientei"
11/2/120 - (Bunbunmaru Newspaper) "Rabbit Mob Protests Shrive Festival"
Autumn - Curiosities of Lotus Asia chapter 6"Unworking Shikigami"

Winter編集

2/1/120 - (Bunbunmaru Newspaper) "The Midwinter Moon's Great Explosion"
Winter - Curiosities of Lotus Asia chapter 16 "Price of a Paper at Luoyang"
Winter - Curiosities of Lotus Asia chapter 17 "Moon and Kappa"
Winter - Curiosities of Lotus Asia chapter 18 "Dragon's Camera"

Year 121 (2006)編集

Gensokyo calendar dates are unknown for this year.

Summer編集

8/26/2006 - Curiosities of Lotus Asia chapter 19 "Miraculous Cicada"
10/26/2006 - Curiosities of Lotus Asia chapter 20 "Sake from Deity"

Autumn編集

12/26/2006 - Curiosities of Lotus Asia chapter 21 "The Universe the Youkai Saw"
12/27/2006 - Hieda no Akyu's Gensokyo Chronicle published

Winter編集

2/26/2007 - Curiosities of Lotus Asia chapter 22 "Moist Moon"
4/26/2007 - Curiosities of Lotus Asia chapter 23 "Rife Deity"

Year 122 (2007)編集

Gensokyo calendar dates are unknown for this year. Moriya Shrine arrives in Gensokyo

Spring編集

6/26/2007 - Curiosities of Lotus Asia chapter 24 "Benefit from Shrine"
8/?/2007 - Start of Cage in Lunatic Runagate, Silent Sinner in Blue

Autumn編集

8/17/2007 - Mountain of Faith

Year 123 (2008)編集

Gensokyo calendar dates are unknown for this year.

Summer編集

Summer - Scarlet Weather Rhapsody

The Hakurei Shrine destroyed by an earthquake, rebuilt, and then destroyed again.

Winter編集

Hakurei Shrine has been rebuilt.

Winter - Subterranean Animism

Year 124 (2009)編集

Gensokyo calender dates are unknown for this year.

Spring編集

Spring - Undefined Fantastic Object

Further Reading編集

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